Explanation of 2012–13 TAPR Masking Rules

The 2012–13 Texas Academic Performance Reports (TAPR) and Downloads employ masking of performance data in order to comply with the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Generally speaking, the term "masking" refers to the use of special symbols to conceal the performance results.

The tables below show each of the masking situations that are possible on the reports. Different rules apply for the STAAR indicators compared to other performance indicators.

Symbols Used for Masking STAAR (includes TAKS grade 11)

Examples
Numerator
Denominator
(all tests)
Percent
What is Shown on Report
What is Stored on Data Download
Meaning
a
4
4
100%
*
-1

Numerator is less than 5 and denominator is > 0.

3
30
10%
*
-1
0
45
0%
*
-1
b
0
0
0%

Denominator is 0.

Other Information:

  • The above rules will mask at Phase-in 1 Level II or above as well as at Final Level II or above and at Level III Advanced. If at Phase-in 1 Level II or above is not masked, then the other two performances are not masked, regardless of size.
  • Grade 11 TAKS performance is not included in the numerator for at Final Level II or above or at Level III Advanced but is included in the denominator for all.

Symbols Used for Masking Attendance

Examples
Numerator
Denominator
Percent
What is Shown on Report
What is Stored on
Data Download
Meaning
a

100

400

25.0%

*

-1

Denominator is less than 900 (excluding 0).

0

200

0.0%

*

-1

800

800

100.0%

*

-1

b

0

0

Denominator is 0.

Symbols Used for Masking Graduates Enrolled in TX Institution of Higher Education (IHE)*

Numerator
Denominator
Percent
What is Shown on Report
What is Stored on
Data Download
Meaning

1

4

25.0%

*

-1

Number of graduates or number of enrolled in IHE or number not enrolled in IHE < 5

* All information for Graduates Enrolled in Higher Education is provided to TEA by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB). For questions regarding these data, please contact the THECB at (512) 427-6153.

Symbols Used for Masking Other Performance Indicators (Annual Dropout, Longitudinal Graduation, Advanced Courses, RHSP/DAP Graduates, AP/IB, SAT/ACT, Progress of Prior Year TAKS Failers, TSI, College-Ready Graduates, and TAKS Exit-Level Cumulative Pass Rate)

Examples
Numerator
Denominator
Percent
What is Shown on Report
What is Stored on
Data Download
Meaning
a
1
4
25.0%
*

-1

Denominator is less than five (excluding 0).

0
2
0.0%
*

-1

3
3
100.0%
*

-1

b
0
0

Denominator is 0.

c
> 0
0
?

-2

Denominator is 0.

d

n/a

Data reporting is not applicable.

e
8
6
133.0%

?

-2

Denominator is five or more; and,

Percentages are statistically improbable, or were reported outside a reasonable range.

35
30
117.0%

?

-2

For there to be no masking of other performance data, both of the following conditions must be met:

  • Denominator is five or more; and,
  • Percentages are statistically probable, or are reported within a reasonable range.

Symbols Used for Masking Profile Values

If values reported on school and district staff, and student demographics are outside a reasonable range, a question mark (?) is printed on the report and a -2 is stored on the download file.


Advanced TAPR Download: Additional Masking Symbols for Numerator and Denominator

Data available for download (/perfreport/tapr/2013/download/DownloadData.html):

Masking Symbol in Download
What is Masked
-1
  • Small numbers: Numerator is less than 5 and denominator is > 0.
-3
  • Next smallest group
  • Data are not available.