Snapshot 2020: Community Type

Districts are grouped into eight subcategories, ranging from major urban to rural, based on factors such as enrollment, growth in enrollment, economic status, and proximity to urban areas. Charter school districts make up a ninth subcategory. The subcategories are as follows.

  • Major Urban A district is classified as major urban if: (a) it is located in a county with a population of at least 1,050,000; (b) its enrollment is the largest in the county or at least 70 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county; and (c) at least 35 percent of enrolled students are economically disadvantaged. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she is eligible for free or reduced-price meals under the National School Lunch and Child Nutrition Program.

  • Major Suburban A district is classified as major suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification as major urban; (b) it is contiguous to a major urban district; and (c) its enrollment is at least 3 percent that of the largest contiguous major urban district or at least 4,500 students. A district also is classified as major suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification as major urban; (b) it is not contiguous to a major urban district; (c) it is located in the same county as a major urban district; and (d) its enrollment is at least 15 percent that of the largest major urban district in the county or at least 4,500 students.

  • Other Central City A district is classified as other central city if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in either of the previous subcategories; (b) it is not contiguous to a major urban district; (c) it is located in a county with a population of between 100,000 and 1,049,999; and (d) its enrollment is the largest in the county or at least 70 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county.

  • Other Central City Suburban A district is classified as other central city suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it is located in a county with a population of between 100,000 and 1,049,999; and (c) its enrollment is at least 15 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county. A district also is other central city suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it is contiguous to an other central city district; (c) its enrollment is at least 3 percent that of the largest contiguous other central city district; and (d) its enrollment is equal to or greater than the median district enrollment for the state of 903 students.

  • Independent Town A district is classified as independent town if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it is located in a county with a population of 25,000 to 99,999; and (c) its enrollment is the largest in the county or is at least 70 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county.

  • Non-Metro: Fast Growing A district is classified as non-metropolitan: fast growing if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it has an enrollment of at least 300 students; and (c) its enrollment has increased by at least 20 percent over the past five years.

  • Non-Metro: Stable A district is classified as non-metropolitan: stable if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; and (b) its enrollment is equal to or greater than the median district enrollment for the state.

  • Rural A district is classified as rural if it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories. A rural district has either: (a) an enrollment of between 300 and the median district enrollment for the state and an enrollment growth rate over the past five years of less than 20 percent; or (b) an enrollment of less than 300 students.

  • Charter School Districts Charter school districts are open-enrollment school districts authorized by the commissioner of education with final approval for operation provided by the State Board of Education. Established by the Texas Legislature in 1995 to promote local initiative, charter school districts are subject to fewer regulations than other public school districts. Generally, charter school districts are subject to laws and rules that ensure fiscal and academic accountability but that do not unduly regulate instructional methods or pedagogical innovation. Like other public school districts, charter school districts are monitored and accredited under the statewide testing and accountability system.

(Each column header is a link to the list of districts included in each category.)

Community Type
Count of Districts
11
80
39
166
67
34
161
464
180
2. Total Number of Schools
1,360
2,121
1,180
1,276
444
97
684
922
782
Students
3. Total Students
948,726
1,776,739
864,937
793,895
251,903
41,408
281,047
183,747
336,771
4. % African American
14.5
16.0
11.5
6.7
11.1
5.7
6.8
4.4
17.7
5. % Hispanic
68.0
46.5
54.7
49.9
51.1
35.2
47.3
36.0
62.3
6. % White
12.4
25.7
26.3
38.0
34.1
53.7
41.9
56.3
13.0
7. % American Indian
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
8. % Asian
2.8
8.3
4.3
2.3
0.7
1.7
1.1
0.3
4.6
9. % Pacific Islander
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
10. % Two or More Races
1.8
2.9
2.7
2.6
2.6
3.2
2.4
2.5
2.0
11. % Economically Disadvantaged
72.4
53.6
58.5
56.4
67.2
44.7
63.0
58.8
70.8
12. % English Learners (EL)
29.6
20.3
17.9
16.9
15.7
7.6
11.2
7.0
28.3
13. % Special Education
10.4
10.6
10.7
10.8
11.3
10.1
11.5
11.7
7.8
14. % Bilingual/ESL Education
30.1
20.4
18.3
17.1
16.0
7.3
10.9
6.9
30.0
15. % Career & Technical Education
26.3
28.1
27.4
29.3
29.9
36.8
30.9
33.5
16.2
16. % Gifted & Talented Education
11.5
8.5
8.0
7.5
6.3
7.1
6.1
6.0
2.6
17. Attendance Rate (2018-19)
95.0
95.6
95.3
95.5
95.2
96.1
95.3
95.9
95.7
18. Annual Dropout Rate Gr. 9-12 (2018-19)
2.5
1.1
1.3
0.9
1.3
0.3
0.7
0.4
5.0
19. 4-Year Longitudinal Graduation Rate (Class of 2019)
87.9
93.7
92.8
94.8
93.0
97.4
95.4
97.0
70.3
20. 5-Year Longitudinal Graduation Rate (Class of 2018)
90.6
95.1
94.4
96.1
94.7
98.5
96.6
97.5
77.1
21. 6-Year Longitudinal Graduation Rate (Class of 2017)
90.9
94.9
94.7
96.2
94.8
97.7
96.5
97.6
79.5
22. Annual Graduate Count (2018-19)
57,900
122,518
55,910
52,877
16,410
2,685
19,103
12,466
15,335
23. Annual RHSP/DAP/FHSP-E/FHSP-DLA Graduate Count (2018-19)
50,225
102,004
47,359
46,205
13,942
2,520
16,157
10,940
12,295
STAAR % At Performance Level Standards
24. All Subjects
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
25. ELA/Reading
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
26. Writing
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
27. Mathematics
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
28. Science
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
29. Social Studies
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
30. African American
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
31. Hispanic
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
32. White
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
33. American Indian
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
34. Asian
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
35. Pacific Islander
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
36. Two or More Races
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
37. Economically Disadvantaged
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
College Admissions (2018-19)
38. SAT/ACT - % Tested
91.7
81.8
70.4
64.7
54.6
73.7
59.4
67.9
68.1
39. SAT/ACT - % At or Above Criterion
28.7
41.3
36.3
36.9
31.7
44.6
30.6
27.2
36.5
40. SAT - Average Score
973
1050
1042
1040
1022
1073
1019
1009
1032
41. ACT - Average Score
19.6
21.5
20.3
20.3
19.7
21.7
19.8
19.5
20.4
Staff
42. Total Staff FTE
124,431.9
232,629.3
115,122.8
107,788.4
36,058.8
5,851.7
43,028.3
31,942.7
37,872.4
43. Total Teacher FTE
60,081.4
116,153.4
56,569.4
52,953.1
17,127.0
2,974.5
20,727.1
16,710.4
19,823.3
44. % Central Administration
0.6
1.0
0.9
1.3
1.4
1.7
1.6
2.3
2.0
45. % Campus Administration
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.8
3.1
3.2
3.1
3.3
5.2
46. % Professional Support Staff
12.0
10.9
10.3
9.1
8.6
7.2
6.8
4.6
12.6
47. % Teachers
48.3
49.9
49.1
49.1
47.5
50.8
48.2
52.3
52.3
48. % Educational Aides
8.2
9.9
10.7
11.3
14.1
12.4
14.0
13.1
11.1
49. % Auxiliary Staff
27.9
25.4
26.1
26.4
25.3
24.8
26.3
24.4
16.7
50. Average Central Administrative Salary
113,230
114,582
111,195
112,147
103,541
109,463
104,322
93,700
94,129
51. Average Campus Administrative Salary
84,127
86,592
83,439
82,183
76,693
78,207
78,265
74,429
75,872
52. Average Professional Support Staff Salary
68,420
70,141
67,012
67,132
61,619
65,222
62,713
58,212
60,071
53. Average Teacher Salary
57,980
59,951
57,242
56,477
52,126
54,513
53,317
51,012
52,601
54. % Minority
71.7
49.3
53.0
44.0
38.8
28.0
36.8
23.5
64.2
55. Number of Students Per Total Staff
7.6
7.6
7.5
7.4
7.0
7.1
6.5
5.8
8.9
56. Number of Students Per Teacher
15.8
15.3
15.3
15.0
14.7
13.9
13.6
11.0
17.0
Teachers
57. % With 5 or Fewer Years of Experience
35.3
34.6
33.6
30.7
36.5
30.4
31.7
29.6
65.1
58. Average Years of Experience
11.2
10.8
11.4
12.0
11.5
12.1
12.6
13.4
5.6
59. % With Advanced Degrees
28.0
29.0
24.8
21.9
20.4
22.9
18.9
16.8
23.0
60. Teacher Turnover Rate
15.6
15.7
14.6
15.4
20.2
18.5
18.9
20.6
29.2
61. % African American
17.3
14.5
6.7
3.6
6.2
2.2
3.4
2.3
20.4
62. % Hispanic
41.9
21.2
34.5
30.4
20.4
15.3
21.1
11.3
33.0
63. % White
36.6
59.9
56.1
64.1
71.7
80.0
73.9
85.3
40.7
64. % American Indian
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.8
0.4
0.3
0.3
65. % Asian
2.5
2.5
1.1
0.7
0.4
0.8
0.5
0.3
4.0
66. % Pacific Islander
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.3
67. % Two or More Races
1.3
1.4
1.1
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.5
1.3
68. % Regular Education
66.6
68.4
70.4
73.3
70.4
72.4
74.7
78.1
83.8
69. % Special Education
8.9
10.8
9.7
8.5
9.3
7.0
8.7
6.0
5.9
70. % Compensatory Education
1.7
2.5
2.8
3.3
5.2
5.1
4.5
4.6
1.0
71. % Bilingual/ESL Education
11.3
6.7
6.8
5.0
4.5
1.4
2.4
0.6
5.8
72. % Career & Technical Education
4.1
4.5
4.8
5.5
6.1
7.9
6.7
9.0
2.8
73. % Other Education (Includes G & T)
7.4
7.1
5.4
4.4
4.5
6.2
3.1
1.6
0.6
Taxes and Actual Revenues
74. Taxable Value Per Pupil (2017 Tax Year)
615,584
473,202
403,634
372,827
349,336
309,307
440,076
592,102
0
75. Locally Adopted Tax Rate (2018 Tax Year)
1.361
1.447
1.366
1.390
1.344
1.393
1.308
1.245
0.000
76. Total Operating and Other Revenue (2018-19)
11,512,788,343
20,977,399,091
9,785,006,507
9,406,543,441
2,883,032,885
523,861,827
3,658,966,109
2,846,432,560
3,518,347,842
77. Total Operating and Other Revenue Per Pupil
12,091
11,953
11,421
12,064
11,502
13,470
12,995
15,400
11,121
78. Total Operating Revenue (2018-19)
9,890,260,913
17,704,506,536
8,576,041,784
8,162,144,793
2,615,038,784
468,741,378
3,271,486,858
2,534,845,594
3,481,534,406
79. % State
24.9
34.7
37.1
42.1
43.1
48.8
40.4
44.2
83.2
80. % Local and Other
59.9
54.7
49.7
46.2
42.5
42.3
46.2
45.8
5.9
81. % Federal
15.3
10.6
13.2
11.7
14.3
8.9
13.3
10.0
11.0
82. Total Other Revenue (2018-19)
1,622,527,430
3,272,892,555
1,208,964,723
1,244,398,648
267,994,101
55,120,449
387,479,251
311,586,966
36,813,436
Fund Balance and Net Assets
83. Fund Balance (for ISDs)
2,446,984,766
4,784,521,791
2,042,263,074
2,456,472,839
701,297,105
123,646,433
1,067,340,123
1,103,295,233
0
84. Net Assets (Charter Schools)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
513,176,056
Actual Expenditures
85. Total Actual Expenditures (2018-19)
12,736,941,875
23,773,953,932
10,563,329,660
10,616,134,906
2,959,399,788
606,757,671
3,673,128,592
2,843,788,738
3,216,915,575
86. Total Actual Operating Expenditures (2018-19)
9,512,602,932
16,965,660,032
8,249,821,026
7,772,308,876
2,465,649,027
415,057,434
2,997,830,621
2,257,361,962
3,053,232,477
87. Total Actual Operating Expenditures Per Pupil
9,990
9,667
9,630
9,968
9,837
10,672
10,647
12,213
9,651
88. % Instructional
55.8
58.1
57.1
55.2
54.5
56.1
53.5
53.2
51.3
89. % Central Administration
6.1
6.0
5.7
6.7
7.0
7.7
7.9
10.2
10.7
90. % School Leadership
6.3
5.8
5.7
5.4
5.6
5.4
5.6
5.5
8.7
91. % Plant Services
10.3
9.8
10.4
11.4
11.6
11.4
12.1
12.2
14.0
92. % Other Operating
21.5
20.4
21.2
21.3
21.3
19.4
20.9
18.9
15.2
93. Total Actual Instructional Expenditures (2018-19)
5,305,755,701
9,853,221,523
4,709,668,851
4,286,999,779
1,343,705,718
232,817,315
1,604,080,764
1,200,736,219
1,566,040,522
94. Total Actual Instructional Expenditures Per Pupil
5,572
5,615
5,497
5,498
5,361
5,986
5,697
6,496
4,950
95. % Basic Education Services
43.9
46.1
45.2
43.6
40.7
45.0
38.6
39.0
46.7
96. % Special Education
12.9
13.8
12.7
11.4
12.1
10.1
11.7
8.6
7.3
97. % State Compensatory Education
10.5
7.1
8.9
8.1
9.8
6.5
10.1
9.8
10.6
98. % Bilingual/ESL Education
1.9
1.4
1.0
1.1
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.4
1.9
99. % Career & Technical Education
2.4
3.0
3.1
3.6
3.8
6.0
4.1
4.9
1.5
100. % Gifted & Talented Education
0.8
1.1
0.7
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.7
0.3
0.1
101. % Athletics/Related Activities
1.3
1.6
2.1
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.6
4.2
0.7
102. % High School Allotment
1.0
1.2
1.1
1.1
1.1
0.9
1.0
0.9
0.5
103. % Prekindergarten
1.5
0.9
1.4
0.9
1.2
1.1
1.0
1.1
0.5
104. % Un-Allocated
23.8
23.9
23.9
26.7
26.9
26.6
28.5
30.9
30.4