Snapshot 2018: Community Type

Districts are grouped into eight subcategories, ranging from major urban to rural, based on factors such as enrollment, growth in enrollment, economic status, and proximity to urban areas. Charter school districts make up a ninth subcategory. The subcategories are as follows.

  • Major Urban A district is classified as major urban if: (a) it is located in a county with a population of at least 985,000; (b) its enrollment is the largest in the county or at least 70 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county; and (c) at least 35 percent of enrolled students are economically disadvantaged. A student is reported as economically disadvantaged if he or she is eligible for free or reduced-price meals under the National School Lunch and Child Nutrition Program.

  • Major Suburban A district is classified as major suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification as major urban; (b) it is contiguous to a major urban district; and (c) its enrollment is at least 3 percent that of the largest contiguous major urban district or at least 4,500 students. A district also is classified as major suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification as major urban; (b) it is not contiguous to a major urban district; (c) it is located in the same county as a major urban district; and (d) its enrollment is at least 15 percent that of the largest major urban district in the county or at least 4,500 students.

  • Other Central City A district is classified as other central city if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in either of the previous subcategories; (b) it is not contiguous to a major urban district; (c) it is located in a county with a population of between 100,000 and 984,999; and (d) its enrollment is the largest in the county or at least 75 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county.

  • Other Central City Suburban A district is classified as other central city suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it is located in a county with a population of between 100,000 and 984,999; and (c) its enrollment is at least 15 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county. A district also is other central city suburban if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it is contiguous to an other central city district; (c) its enrollment is at least 3 percent that of the largest contiguous other central city district; and (d) its enrollment is equal to or greater than the median district enrollment for the state of 898 students.

  • Independent Town A district is classified as independent town if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it is located in a county with a population of 25,000 to 99,999; and (c) its enrollment is the largest in the county or is at least 75 percent of the largest district enrollment in the county.

  • Non-Metro: Fast Growing A district is classified as non-metropolitan: fast growing if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; (b) it has an enrollment of at least 300 students; and (c) its enrollment has increased by at least 20 percent over the past five years.

  • Non-Metro: Stable A district is classified as non-metropolitan: stable if: (a) it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories; and (b) its enrollment is equal to or greater than the median district enrollment for the state.

  • Rural A district is classified as rural if it does not meet the criteria for classification in any of the previous subcategories. A rural district has either: (a) an enrollment of between 300 and the median district enrollment for the state and an enrollment growth rate over the past five years of less than 20 percent; or (b) an enrollment of less than 300 students.

  • Charter School Districts Charter school districts are open-enrollment school districts chartered by the commissioner of education with final approval for operation provided by the State Board of Education. Established by the Texas Legislature in 1995 to promote local initiative, charter school districts are subject to fewer regulations than other public school districts. Generally, charter school districts are subject to laws and rules that ensure fiscal and academic accountability but that do not unduly regulate instructional methods or pedagogical innovation. Like other public school districts, charter school districts are monitored and accredited under the statewide testing and accountability system.

(Each column heading is a link to the list of districts included in each category.)

Community Type
Count of Districts
11
79
39
163
68
33
168
462
177
2. Total Number of Schools
1,359
2,081
1,181
1,245
454
96
717
921
705
Students
3. Total Students
966,952
1,748,087
851,075
765,233
253,912
36,701
284,121
182,718
296,213
4. % African American
15.1
15.9
11.2
6.4
11.3
5.6
6.9
5.0
17.8
5. % Hispanic
67.8
45.9
54.8
50.3
50.4
39.7
45.0
35.0
59.7
6. % White
12.3
26.9
27.3
38.5
34.9
48.1
44.4
56.8
15.8
7. % American Indian
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
8. % Asian
2.8
8.1
3.8
2.0
0.8
3.0
1.0
0.4
4.5
9. % Pacific Islander
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
10. % Two or More Races
1.6
2.6
2.4
2.3
2.3
3.1
2.2
2.3
1.9
11. % Economically Disadvantaged
70.3
50.8
58.7
56.4
66.1
42.3
61.1
59.4
67.5
12. % English Learners (EL)
27.4
18.8
17.1
16.2
14.4
7.9
9.7
6.5
24.8
13. % Special Education
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.2
9.4
8.3
9.9
10.0
6.9
14. % Bilingual/ESL Education
27.6
18.8
17.2
16.2
14.4
7.1
9.4
6.3
24.5
15. % Career & Technical Education
24.5
26.1
25.9
28.0
27.3
34.7
29.8
30.8
13.7
16. % Gifted & Talented Education
11.0
8.2
7.9
7.3
6.1
7.8
6.1
5.8
2.5
17. Attendance Rate (2016-17)
95.3
95.8
95.6
95.7
95.4
96.4
95.7
96.1
96.0
18. Annual Dropout Rate Gr. 9-12 (2016-17)
2.4
1.3
1.3
0.9
1.1
0.4
0.8
0.6
4.4
19. 4-Year Longitudinal Graduation Rate (Class of 2017)
87.8
92.8
92.2
94.4
92.9
96.6
95.5
96.6
68.5
20. 5-Year Longitudinal Graduation Rate (Class of 2016)
90.1
94.9
94.1
95.5
93.8
98.2
95.9
96.8
76.4
21. 6-Year Longitudinal Graduation Rate (Class of 2015)
90.5
95.1
94.0
95.0
94.4
98.3
96.0
97.3
78.2
22. Annual Graduate Count (2016-17)
55,536
115,252
51,898
49,144
16,068
2,365
18,938
12,065
12,851
23. Annual RHSP/DAP/FHSP-E/FHSP-DLA Graduate Count (2016-17)
47,845
94,990
44,045
42,194
13,197
2,190
15,647
10,285
10,226
STAAR % At Performance Level Standards
24. All Subjects
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
73
79
77
78
71
85
75
76
75
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
45
52
49
49
40
59
44
44
44
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
20
25
22
22
16
28
18
17
19
25. ELA/Reading
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
70
76
74
75
68
83
72
75
74
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
43
50
46
47
39
57
43
45
45
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
18
22
20
19
14
24
16
17
19
26. Writing
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
62
68
67
67
58
75
62
66
66
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
38
44
42
42
33
51
37
39
41
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
12
15
13
12
8
16
9
10
12
27. Mathematics
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
78
83
82
83
76
88
79
80
79
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
46
53
51
51
42
58
45
45
45
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
22
26
26
25
18
29
20
19
21
28. Science
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
77
82
80
82
75
89
79
78
77
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
46
55
51
52
43
63
47
45
45
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
20
27
23
23
16
31
19
17
18
29. Social Studies
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
76
81
78
80
72
87
75
75
76
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
51
58
53
54
45
65
47
46
46
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
29
36
31
31
23
40
24
22
24
30. African American
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
62
70
65
68
58
77
59
60
68
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
32
38
34
36
25
47
27
26
35
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
11
14
12
13
7
19
8
7
13
31. Hispanic
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
72
73
73
74
68
82
70
71
74
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
42
42
42
43
35
54
37
37
42
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
17
17
17
17
12
23
13
12
17
32. White
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
88
89
86
84
80
87
82
81
82
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
69
68
63
59
52
62
54
51
55
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
39
36
33
28
23
30
24
21
26
33. American Indian
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
71
75
78
77
74
86
77
80
74
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
42
47
50
47
44
60
45
48
40
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
16
20
23
20
19
32
16
20
17
34. Asian
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
89
94
94
94
88
97
88
90
93
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
73
80
81
79
68
86
69
69
76
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
49
54
57
53
40
59
42
38
47
35. Pacific Islander
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
81
80
78
76
81
91
67
87
79
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
54
52
48
48
47
55
32
48
51
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
24
23
20
21
20
13
14
15
21
36. Two or More Races
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
84
86
81
82
73
84
77
76
79
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
61
62
55
55
43
59
47
44
51
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
33
33
27
26
18
28
20
17
25
37. Economically Disadvantaged
% At Approaches Grade Level Standard or Above
68
71
70
71
65
78
68
70
72
% At Meets Grade Level Standard or Above
37
39
38
39
33
47
35
36
40
% At Masters Grade Level Standard
14
14
14
14
11
18
12
12
16
College Admissions (Class of 2017)
38. SAT/ACT - % Tested
90.8
79.1
70.6
63.5
56.8
71.7
58.8
63.4
54.4
39. SAT/ACT - % At or Above Criterion
15.3
27.7
22.5
21.5
16.6
30.5
18.6
16.1
21.2
40. SAT - Average Score
963
1041
1029
1034
1011
1087
1027
1026
1029
41. ACT - Average Score
18.9
21.4
20.1
20.0
19.4
21.8
19.7
19.4
20.1
Staff
42. Total Staff FTE
126,561.6
225,257.5
110,999.0
103,785.4
35,852.0
4,983.6
42,732.0
30,680.8
30,918.2
43. Total Teacher FTE
61,759.0
114,084.8
54,880.8
51,074.1
17,382.0
2,603.1
21,060.4
16,281.2
17,713.6
44. % Central Administration
0.6
1.1
0.9
1.2
1.4
1.8
1.6
2.5
2.0
45. % Campus Administration
2.9
2.7
2.8
2.8
3.3
3.3
3.2
3.5
5.5
46. % Professional Support Staff
11.2
10.6
9.8
9.0
8.3
6.9
7.0
5.2
11.3
47. % Teachers
48.8
50.6
49.4
49.2
48.5
52.2
49.3
53.1
57.3
48. % Educational Aides
7.9
9.4
10.3
11.2
13.6
9.1
13.1
12.4
8.9
49. % Auxiliary Staff
28.6
25.5
26.7
26.5
24.9
26.7
25.7
23.2
15.0
50. Average Central Administrative Salary
110,597
108,676
104,022
103,373
97,089
99,373
97,349
85,289
94,111
51. Average Campus Administrative Salary
79,966
82,790
79,092
76,437
70,398
74,870
72,063
67,699
70,141
52. Average Professional Support Staff Salary
65,976
66,409
62,871
61,235
56,666
60,178
54,586
49,117
55,171
53. Average Teacher Salary
55,343
56,700
53,353
51,809
47,829
50,812
48,007
45,367
48,421
54. % Minority
70.5
47.0
52.8
44.7
37.2
31.0
33.9
22.6
60.7
55. Number of Students Per Total Staff
7.6
7.8
7.7
7.4
7.1
7.4
6.6
6.0
9.6
56. Number of Students Per Teacher
15.7
15.3
15.5
15.0
14.6
14.1
13.5
11.2
16.7
Teachers
57. % With 5 or Fewer Years of Experience
37.4
37.7
33.9
33.4
36.9
33.7
32.1
29.8
71.1
58. Average Years of Experience
10.9
10.4
11.3
11.6
11.5
11.7
12.6
13.2
4.8
59. % With Advanced Degrees
27.6
28.2
24.4
20.6
20.2
22.4
18.6
16.6
20.2
60. Teacher Turnover Rate
15.0
15.5
15.0
15.2
20.2
17.1
19.2
20.7
29.8
61. % African American
17.7
13.6
6.5
3.3
5.6
2.6
3.1
2.4
18.9
62. % Hispanic
40.1
20.1
33.8
31.3
19.7
17.1
18.3
10.5
30.6
63. % White
38.1
61.9
56.3
63.5
73.0
77.3
77.1
86.0
44.1
64. % Other
4.1
4.4
3.3
1.9
1.6
2.9
1.4
1.1
6.5
65. % Regular Education
69.2
70.1
71.0
74.0
72.3
73.7
75.3
79.4
85.8
66. % Special Education
9.4
10.2
9.2
7.9
8.6
5.8
8.4
5.8
6.0
67. % Compensatory Education
2.4
2.4
2.6
2.9
4.9
4.0
4.3
4.3
0.7
68. % Bilingual/ESL Education
8.3
6.7
7.1
5.5
4.4
2.1
2.3
0.6
4.7
69. % Career & Technical Education
3.9
4.2
4.7
5.4
5.6
7.6
6.4
8.4
2.2
70. % Other Education (Includes G & T)
6.8
6.4
5.4
4.4
4.2
6.9
3.3
1.5
0.6
Taxes and Actual Revenues
71. Taxable Value Per Pupil (2015 Tax Year)
510,610
407,388
359,677
346,509
338,318
361,699
452,142
660,591
0
72. Locally Adopted Tax Rate (2016 Tax Year)
1.335
1.437
1.346
1.378
1.319
1.346
1.308
1.231
0.000
73. Total Revenue (2016-17)
10,994,133,383
19,645,362,513
9,036,378,575
8,614,793,505
2,725,379,398
445,530,257
3,368,511,047
2,518,555,123
2,720,999,992
74. Total Revenue Per Pupil
11,253
11,298
10,708
11,405
10,748
12,850
11,831
13,761
10,085
75. % State
27.1
34.8
39.0
44.3
43.0
49.0
43.4
45.5
84.0
76. % Local and Other
60.4
57.1
49.8
45.7
44.8
43.6
45.6
45.9
5.5
77. % Federal
12.5
8.1
11.2
10.0
12.1
7.4
11.0
8.6
10.5
Fund Balance and Net Assets
78. Fund Balance (for ISDs)
1,828,372,623
3,919,941,938
1,672,341,209
1,928,964,491
559,184,087
123,408,190
893,762,163
869,933,099
0
79. Net Assets (Charter Schools)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
339,150,736
Actual Expenditures
80. Total Expenditures (2016-17)
12,898,106,413
22,838,779,418
10,223,693,009
9,752,542,061
2,999,658,602
520,855,126
3,734,804,232
2,709,431,153
2,619,851,366
81. Total Operating Expenditures (2016-17)
9,467,438,795
16,147,203,370
7,765,135,850
7,172,556,953
2,361,642,516
351,121,880
2,874,809,006
2,118,457,878
2,495,973,975
82. Total Operating Expenditures Per Pupil
9,690
9,286
9,202
9,496
9,313
10,127
10,097
11,575
9,251
83. % Instructional
55.6
58.3
56.9
55.1
54.9
55.1
54.1
53.0
52.3
84. % Central Administration
6.2
6.0
5.6
6.8
6.9
7.8
7.7
10.6
11.0
85. % School Leadership
6.0
5.7
5.7
5.4
5.5
5.8
5.6
5.6
8.3
86. % Plant Services
11.2
10.1
10.8
11.6
11.4
12.3
11.8
12.1
13.9
87. % Other Operating
20.2
19.4
20.4
20.7
20.9
19.1
20.5
18.7
14.0
88. Total Instructional Expenditures
5,262,659,650
9,408,149,066
4,419,346,660
3,949,484,247
1,297,698,559
193,364,682
1,554,807,271
1,121,756,955
1,305,611,921
89. Total Instructional Expenditures Per Pupil
5,386
5,410
5,237
5,229
5,118
5,577
5,461
6,129
4,839
90. % Regular Education
59.0
61.6
60.4
59.7
56.0
63.4
54.3
56.1
69.7
91. % Special Education
15.5
16.9
15.2
15.0
16.1
11.5
17.0
14.0
9.3
92. % Accelerated Education
11.0
7.3
9.9
9.8
11.7
7.2
11.8
12.8
14.1
93. % Bilingual/ESL Education
2.5
1.9
1.4
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.1
0.6
2.2
94. % Career & Technical Education
3.0
3.7
3.9
4.8
4.8
7.8
5.4
6.5
1.8
95. % Gifted & Talented Education
1.0
1.5
0.8
1.0
0.9
0.6
1.0
0.5
0.1
96. % Athletics/Related Activities
1.7
2.0
2.8
3.8
3.7
4.6
5.0
5.8
0.8
97. % High School Allotment
1.1
1.6
1.5
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.3
1.2
0.8
98. % Prekindergarten
4.1
2.2
2.7
2.2
3.1
1.6
2.2
2.1
1.2
99. % Other Expenditures
1.0
1.3
1.4
1.0
1.1
0.7
0.8
0.4
0.0